Lecompton City
Future Kansas Capital in LeCompton
Rowena Hotel, Territorial legislature, Lecompton Kansas Territory, Lecompton, Lane University
Lane University, Lecompton, Kansas
Territorial Democratic Headquarters
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Lecompton City
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Lecompton Ferry
Rowena Hotel
Lane University
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Lecompton was founded in 1854 on a 640-acre Wyandotte Indian land claim on the south bank of the Kansas River. The town, which was originally named Bald Eagle because of the many eagles that nested along the river, was renamed later that year to honor Judge Samuel D. Lecompte, the chief justice of the Kansas territorial supreme court. In 1855, the territorial legislature chose Lecompton to be the only official and permanent capital of the Kansas Territory.

Learn more about Lecompton – the political birthplace of the American Civil War – by visiting our two museums, Constitution Hall, Lane University, plus other historic sites, restaurants and shops.


Constitution Hall


Built in 1856 by Sheriff Samuel J. Jones – who used native cottonwood and black walnut lumber cut from his steam sawmill on the Kaw River – Constitution Hall is the oldest wood-frame, civilian structure left standing in its original location in Kansas. Learn more…


Territorial Capital Museum (Lane University)


This museum sits on the grounds of the former 13-acre Lecompton capital square district. In 1855, construction of an elegant capital building began with a $50,000 appropriation from Congress. By 1857, however, all the money was spent, and antislavery legislators had gained control of the territorial legislature. Learn more…


Democratic Headquarters


This stone building was the headquarters of the Democratic Party during the Kansas Territorial period (1854-61). The cabin was used during a time when Lecompton, known as “The Birthplace of the Kansas Democratic Party,” was the territorial capital and stood at the center of national attention. Learn more…


Latest News

First Free State Legislative Assembly of the Kansas Territory

In 1857, Lecompton went from being known as the Proslavery Capital to the Free State Capital of the Kansas Territory with the defeat of the Proslavery Party by Kansas voters. Victorious Free State legislators triumphantly march into Lecompton, accompanied by a raucous free state mob, to celebrate their victory at Constitution Hall with a special session of the first Free … Read More

40th Anniversary Celebration at Territorial Capital Museum

Come Join Us in the 40th Anniversary Celebration of the Territorial Capital Museum in Historic Lecompton   On June 11, 2022, from noon until 4pm, several events are scheduled at the Territorial Capital Museum and the neighboring Lecompton Pride Building to celebrate the Museum and its role in telling the history of Lecompton, the Territorial Capital. The museum will be … Read More

Bleeding Kansas Series Begins Jan 30, 2022!

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